Online Calculators since 2009
In logistics, it is possible to build a pallet with the carton placed in one of six different positions in relation to the Pallet that you are using to transport your goods. In this guide we cover Step 5 for building an Optimal Pallet Build Configuration as illustrated and calculated on the advanced Pallet Calculator
The image below illustrates how the pallet should look at step 5 of the pallet build.
Our pallet ( in how to build a pallet step 5 ) is built by placing one carton at a time, aligning the carton to the pallet as follows:
In step 5, we can see that in this example, we can no longer fit any of the same size cartons onto the pallet in their original position. This does not mean we cannot add more cartons, it simply means we need to understand the remaining space (dimensions, area and volume) remaining on the pallet. The image illustrates the 'void' above the stacked cartons. This is the space that exists between the highest point of the stacked cartons and the highest point at which the pallet can be stacked. Pallet stack heights vary depending on whether you are using road, rail, sea (ocean) or air freight transport services and, if you use a third party logistics company, they will have their own caveats published for pallet build heights. If you built a pallet beyond the specified height, it will be treated a s'out of gauge' and will typically attract additional transportation costs or, in certain cases, not move at all. If you have a large product which is 'out of gauge', you should liaise with your logistics provider before attempting to move it through the supply chain, failing to do so will only result in delays, unhappy customers and increased transportation costs.
As the pallet builds, the volume of the pallet is slowly filled. Unless you are very lucky and the dimensions work out just right, you will typically be left with space within the pallet build configuration. This can be filled with additional product by turning the cartons through anyone of the 6 positions that a carton can be placed on a pallet. Using this technique, you can manually optimise your pallet build and get the most cartons/boxes onto your pallet. Alternatively you can use the advanced Pallet Calculator which will automatically calculate the optimal load configuration for a pallet for you.
An optimal pallet build identifies all available voids surrounding the goods and calculates the space available for stacking additional products / cartons etc. The Advanced Pallet Calculator does this automatically by identifying the three key voids which exist when cartons/boxes/product is placed onto a pallet. The images below (which can be clicked to be viewed full screen) highlight the locations of those voids. The advanced pallet calculator results will identify these voids, their properties (width, length, height and cubic area) and, where feasible, place cartons into these spaces (depending on any way up / stackable properties).
|Click on the images below to see a larger picture and additional information.|
Pallet Void 1
Pallet Void 2
Pallet Void 3
Pallets can be built by placing boxes/cartons onto a pallet in one of six different configurations. The links below highlight the different pallet build configurations that are possible.